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Colonosation of Chile



People Of Chile
Native American fishers and hunter-gatherers inhabited what is now Chile for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. Chile's ethnic makeup is largely a product of Spanish colonization. About three fourths of Chileans are mestizo, a mixture of European and Amerindian ancestries. One fifth of Chileans are of white Spanish descent. Some 766,000 Chileans are Mapuche Amerindians.

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Now, Chile's ethnic makeup is largely a product of Spanish colonization. About three fourths of Chileans are mestizo, a mixture of European and Amerindian ancestries. One fifth of Chileans are of white European (mainly Spanish) descent. Some 766,000 Chileans are Mapuche (Araucanian) Amerindians. Other Amerindian populations include the Atacameño, Aymara, and Quechua. A small number of ethnic German communities have existed in southern Chile since the 1800s.


In 1541 Pedro de Valdivia led the Spanish empire to carry out the conquest of Chile. The conquest was a gradual movement and was carried out by dividing the land into territories. Slowly the Spaniards started bringing more people down to Chile to make their presence clearer to the natives. In the south however, the indigenous people did rebel against the Spanish invasion and both the natives and the Spaniards fought in fierce battles until 1599. This was when the indigenous people destroyed all the Spanish grounds down south.

The colonisation of Chile did make an impact on the indigenous people. Down South, where the
Araucanians lived, disease and fighting reduced their population by two thirds. However, the fighting of the Araucanians, were able to hold off the Spaniards from colonising Southern Chile.


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After the 1600s a new cast of people started which were the Mestizo people, (who were both Indian and European). At the end of the colonial period, when the population reached 500,000, approximately 300,000 were Mestizos and about 150,000 were Creoles (native-born persons of European descent). About 20,000 were peninsulares (recently arrived Spaniards), about 15,000 were blacks, and a handful, were Indian

.In conclusion, the colonisation of Chile did affect the indigenous people, in both positive and negative ways.

external image Chile-Earthquake.jpgIn February 27, 2010 a huge 8.8-magnitude earthquake rocked Chile killing at least 16 people. Toppling buildings and triggering a tsunami warning around the Pacific rim of fire. The massive quake plunged much of the Chilean capital, Santiago, into darkness as it snapped power lines and severed communications as walls and masonry collapsed.
People in pyjamas fled onto the streets. The earthquake had a negative impact on the country's economic expectations, reflected by a fall in the stock market and a rise in expected inflation.



Bibliography:
http://school.eb.com.au/all/comptons/article-198552

http://school.eb.com.au/all/comptons/article-198559

http://www.chile.com/tpl/articulo/detalle/ver.tpl?cod_articulo=1779

http://www.minorityrights.org/?lid=4912&tmpl=printpage

Nick and Surabhi