The Colonisation of South Africa

By: Ashi and Yana

The South African Flag
The Republic of South Africa ia located at the tip of Africa and covers most of it. It rests on the Atlantic and Indian oceans, and is home to 49,320,000 people.

The original inhabitents of South Africa were descendents of the Khoisan people. These were the San and Khoikhoi who mainly spoke Bantu. They lived in huts and were mainly hunters gatherers and herders. The San predominantly lived in the west, while the Khoikhoi remained in the south and west.

British and Dutch Colonisation

The first explorers to reach South Africa were Portugese(1487).
This was followed by the Dutch and the British invasion. By 1814 the British had full control of the country, aftrer a 6 million pound deal with the Dutch. Many of the Dutch settlers remained within South Africa as farmers and were called Boers.The Boers were forced to move inland due to the British colony expanding, which created clashed with the Bantu speaking people.The british also wanted to be in control of the diamond and gold fields in the boer territories. So a 3 way conflict was resulted between the Boers, the British and the indigenous people. . This lead to the boer wars.
There were two wars.
The British Colony going preparing for the Boer war
The first war was between the Dutch (the boers) and British settlers. This lasted a year- from 1880 to 1881. The second war was between the Dutch, British and the Indigenous. In contrast the second war was very lengthy, lasting from 1899 to 1902. This war is known to be very bloody and the amount of bloodshed that was seen during this period was very alarming. .After this war, the British took complete control over the country, and the Boer republics were converted into British colonies.

Effect of Colonisation on the Indigenous

The British made the Black and coloured South Africans live among the whites, but treated them as worthless.
They were seen as a source of cheap labour, and were seen as a
waste of space.
By 1913 the white government took away the only rights that the non-whites had left. They divided South Africa into area for whites and non-whites, this was called the "Apertheid". This resulted in hundreds of thousands of non-whites evicted form farms or forced to work for white farmers. By 1922, the government passes a series of acts intended to stop non-whites moving into white areas.And by 1959, the white had full domination of the parliament and voted to remove any african representatives. This created alot of tension and hatred between the whites, blacks and coloured population. There was extreme violence upon the streets of South Africa, meaning no-one was safe, but commonly blacks were the ones to be injured and killed.

Modern Society​

Today there is still conflict among white's blacks and coloured population. More rights are slowly being extended to the natives, but they are still looked upon as poor and racism is still very real within the country. The country is now in a post-Apertheid stage, the white still live seperately to the blacks. Although, the blacks are slowly being integrated into the white society.
Modern South Africa
They work as house maids and farmers (lower class jobs) for the wealthy white population. In recent years unemployment has been extremely high. While many blacks have risen to middle or upper classes, the overall unemployment rate of blacks worsened. There is still a long way to go, and many more improvements could be made to ensure that South Africa will be a safe and peaceful country.


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Fenwick, Jill, and Carol Rosenhain. South Africa. Australia: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print.
Roberts, Martin. A history of South Africa. New York: Longman Group, 1990. Print.
Encyclopedia, http://www.encyclopedia.com (21 May 2010)